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Specialized reference books are often necessary for identifying fungi. The bibliography presented here contains many such references. Unfortunately, many of these cannot be found in smaller community libraries and must be sought in university and government collections. Some of these large libraries can be visited by anyone, but many others are generally inaccessible. The best way to see a specialized publication is to ask your librarian to request an interlibrary loan. Interlibrary loans may take a few weeks but are usually available.


Aa, H.A. van der, M.E. Noordeloos and J. de Gruyter. 1990. Species concepts in some larger genera of the Coelomycetes in W. Gams K. A. Seifert, H. A. van der Aa and R. A. Samson. Developments in the taxonomy of anamorphic fungi. CBS Stud. Mycol. 32.

Ainsworth, G.C. 1971. Ainsworth and Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst., Kew

Ainsworth, G.C., F.K. Sparrow, and A.S. Sussman. 1973. The Fungi: An Advanced Treatise, vol. IVa and IVb. Academic Press, New York

Ajello L. 1968. A taxonomic review of the dermatophytes and related species. Sabouraudia 1968; 6:147-159.

Ajello, L., L.K. Georg, W. Kaplan, and L.Kaufman. 1963. Laboratory Manual for Medical Mycology. U.S. Publ. Health Serv. Publ. 994

Ames, L.M. 1963. A Monograph of the Chaetomiaceae. U.S. Army Res. Dev. Ser. 2

Arambarri, A.M. and M.N. Cabello. 1996. Circinella lacrymispora sp. nov. A new mucoral isolated from Argentine soils. Mycotaxon 57: 145-149.

Arx, J.A. von. 1981. The Genera of Fungi Sporulating in Pure Culture. J. Cramer, Vaduz

Arx, J.A., J. Guarro and M.J. Figueras. 1986. The ascomycete genus Chaetomium. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 14: 1-162.

Arx, J.A. von, L. Rodrigues de Miranda, M.T. Smith, and D. Yarrow. 1977. The Genera of Yeasts and Yeast-like Fungi. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 14

Aveskamp M., Gruyter H. de, Woudenberg J., Verkley G., Crous P.W. 2010. Highlights of the Didymellaceae: A polyphasic approach to characterise Phoma and related pleosporalean genera. Stud. Mycol. 65: 1–60.

Barnett, H.L., and B.B. Hunter. 1987. Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. MacMillan Publ. Co., New York.

Barnett, J.A., and R.J. Pankhurst. 1974. A New Key to the Yeasts. North Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam

Barron, G.L. 1962. New species and new records of Oidiodendron. Can. J. Bot.40: 589-607

Barron, G.L. 1968. The Genera of Hyphomycetes from Soil. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

Barron, G.L 1977. The Nematode-Destroying Fungi. Canadian Biol. Publ., Guelph, Ontario

Beneke, E.S. 1958. Medical Mycology Laboratory Manual. Burgess Publ. Co.,Minneapolis

Bensch, K, U. Braun, J.Z. Groenewald, and P.W. Crous. 2012. The genus Cladosporium. Stud. Mycol. 72, 401 pages.

Bestagno Biga, M.L., R. Ciferri, and G. Bestagno. 1958. Ordinamento artificiale delle specie del genere Coniothyrium. Sydowia 12: 258-320

Bissett, J. 1979. Mariannaea and Paecilomyces. Fungi Canadenses 151-60. Canada Agric., Ottawa

Bissett, J. 1984. A revision of the genus Trichoderma. I. Section Longibrachiatum sec. nov. Can. J. Bot. 62: 924-931.

Bissett, J. 1991a. A revision of the genus Trichoderma. II. Infrageneric classification. Can. J. Bot. 69: 2357-2372.

Bissett, J. 1991b. A revision of the genus Trichoderma. III. Section Pachybasium. Can. J. Bot. 69: 2373-2417.

Bissett, J. 1991c. A revision of the genus Trichoderma. IV. Additional notes on section Longibrachiatum. Can. J. Bot. 69: 2418-2420.

Blaser, P. 1976. Taxonomische und physiologische Untersuchungen über die Gattung Eurotium Link ex Fr. Sydowia 28: 1-49

Boerema, G.H. 1993. Contribution toward a monograph of Phoma (Coelomycetes) - II. Section Peyronellaea. Persoonia 15: 197-221.

Boerema, G.H., J. de Gruyter and H.A van Kesteren. 1994. Contribution toward a monograph of Phoma (Coelomycetes) - III. 1. Section Plenodomus: taxa often with a Leptosphaeria teleomorph. Persoonia 15: 431-487.

Boerema G.H., J. de Gruyter, M.E. Noordeloos, and M.E.C. Hamers. (2004). Phoma identification manual. Differentiation of specific and infra-specific taxa in culture. CABI publishing, Wallingford, U.K.

Boerema, G.H., and M.M.J. Dorenbosch. 1973. The Phoma and Ascochyta Species described by Wollenweber and Hochapfel in Their Study on Fruit-Rotting. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 3

Bonar, L. 1928. Studies on Some California Fungi. Mycologia 20: 292-300

Booth, C. 1971a. Fungal culture media. In C. Booth (ed.),Methods in Microbiology, vol. 4. Academic Press, New York

Booth, C. 1971b. The genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst., Kew

Booth, C. 1971c. Methods in Microbiology, vol. 4. Academic Press, New York

Booth, C. 1977. Fusarium. Laboratory Guide to the Identification of the Major Species

Burgess, L. W., C. M. Liddell and B. A. Summerell. 1988. Laboratory manual for Fusarium research, 2nd ed. University of Sydney, Sydney.

Carmichael, J.W. 1957. Geotrichum candidum. Mycologia 49: 820-830

Carmichael, J.W. 1962. Chrysosporium and some other aleuriosporic hyphomycetes. Can. J. Bot. 40: 1137-73

Carmichael, J.W., W.B. Kendrick, I.L. Connors, and L. Sigler. 1980. Genera of Hyphomycetes. Univ. Alberta Press, Edmonton

Chaverri, P. and Samuels, G.J. 2003. Hypocrea/Trichoderma (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae): species with green ascospores. Stud. Mycol. 48: 1-116.

Cole, G.T., and B. Kendrick. 1973. Taxonomic studies of Phialophora. Mycologia 65: 661-88

Cooke, R.C. 1967. Monacrosporium globosporum sp. nov. and other network-forming nematode-trapping species. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 50: 515-18

Cooke, R.C. 1969. Candelabrella cylindrospora sp. nov. and notes on the taxonomy of nematode-trapping species of Dactylaria. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 53: 475-8

Cooke, R.C., and C.H. Dickinson. 1965. Nematode-trapping species of Dactylella and Monacrosporium. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 48: 621-9

Cooke, R.C., and B.E.S. Godfrey. 1964. A key to the nematode-destroying fungi. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 47: 61-74

Crous, P.W., U. Braun, K. Schubert and J.Z. Groenewald (eds.). 2007. The genus Cladosporium and similar dematiaceous hyphomycetes. CBS Stud. Mycol. 58.

Currah, R.S. 1985. Taxonomy of the Onygenales: Arthrodermataceae, Gymnoascaceae, Myxotrichaceae and Onygenaceae. Mycotaxon 24: 1-216.

Currah, R.S. 1988. An annotated key to the genera of the Onygenales. Systema Ascomycetum 7: 1-12.

Dela Cruz, T.E., B. Schulz, M. Komon-Zelazowska and I. Druzhinina. 2006. Conidial morphology: homology or homoplasy? The analysis of molecular data shows that marine Dendryphiella species do not belong to the genus Scolecobasidium. Proc. of 8th International Mycological Congress", Cairns, pg. 7.

Domsch, K. H., W. Gams and T.-H. Anderson. 1980. Compendium of Soil Fungi. Academic Press, London. Vol. I, 859 p. and II, 405 p.

Dorenbosch, M.M.J. 1970. Key to nine ubiquitous soil-borne Phoma-like fungi. Persoonia 6: 1-14

Dring, D.M. 1971. Techniques for microscopic preparation. In C. Booth (ed.),Methods in Microbiology, vol. 4. Academic Press, New York

Ellis, M.B. 1971. Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst., Kew

Ellis, M.B. 1976. More Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst., Kew

Fuller, M.S. (ed). 1978. Lower Fungi in the Laboratory. Univ. Georgia Press,Athens

Gams, W. 1969. Gliederungsprincipien in der Gattung Mortierella. Nova Hedw.18: 30-44

Gams, W. 1971. Cephalosporium-artige Hyphomyceten. G. Fisher, Stuttgart

Gams, W. 1977. A key to the species of Mortierella. Persoonia 9: 381-91

Gams, W. (Ed.). 2006. Hypocrea and Trichoderma studies marking the 90th birthday of Joan M. Dingley. Stud. Mycol. 56: 1-177.

Gerlach, W. and H. Nirenberg. 1982. The genus Fusarium - a pictorial atlas. Mitt. Biol. Bund. Land-Forst. 209.

Gilman, J.C. 1957. A Manual of Soil Fungi. 2nd ed. Iowa State Coll. Press,Ames

Glare TR, Inwood AJ. 1998. Morphological characterization of Beauveria spp. from New Zealand. Mycol Res 102: 250–256.

Gravesen, S., J.C. Frisvad and R.A. Samson. 1994. Microfungi. Munksgaard, Capenhagen.

Gregory, P.H. 1973. The Microbiology of the Atmosphere. Leonard Hill, Aylesbury, UK.

Gruyter, J. and M.E. Noordeloos. 1992. Contribution toward a monograph of Phoma (Coelomycetes) - I. 1. Section Phoma: taxa with very small conidia in vitro. Persoonia 15: 71-92.

Guba, E.F. 1961. Monograph of Monochaetia and Pestalotia. Harvard Univ.Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Haard, K. 1968. Taxonomic studies on the genus Arthrobotrys. Mycologia 60: 1140-59

Hagedorn, G. & Scholler, M. 1999. A reevaluation of predatory orbiliaceous fungi. I. Phylogenetic analysis using rDNA sequence data. Sydowia 51: 27-48.

Hayes, M.A. 2012. The Geomyces fungi: ecology and distribution. BioScience 62: 819-823.

Hennebert, G.L. 1968. Echinobotryum, Wardomyces and Mammaria. Trans. Brit.Mycol. Soc. 51: 749-62

Hennebert, G.L. 1973. Botrytis and Botrytis-like genera. Persoonia 7: 183-204

Hesseltine, C.W., and D.I. Fennell. 1955. The genus Circinella. Mycologia47: 193-212

Holt, J.G. (ed.) 1994. Bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology, 9th edition. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.

Hoog, G.S. de. 1972. The Genera Beauveria, Isaria, Tritirachium and Acrodontium gen. nov. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 1

Hoog, G.S. de. 1974. The Genera Blastobotrys, Sporothrix, Calcarisporium and Calcarisporiella gen. nov. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 7

Hoog, G.S. de. 1993. Sporothrix-like anamorphs of Ophiostoma species and other fungi, in Wingfield, M.J., K.A. Seifert, and J.F. Webber. Ceratocystis and Ophiostoma: taxonomy, ecology and pathogenicity. APS Press, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Hoog, G.S. de and J. Guarro. 1995. Atlas of clinical fungi. C.B.S., Baarn, The netherlands.

Hoog, G.S. de, and E.J. Hermanides-Nijhoff. 1977. The Black Yeasts and Allied Hyphomycetes. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 15

Hoog, G.S. de, M.TH. Smith and E. GuÚho. 1986. A revision of Geotrichum. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 131

Hoog, G.S. de and M.TH. Smith. 2011. Geotrichum Link: Fries (1832) in Kurtzman, C.P., Fell, J.W. and Boekhout, T. (Eds). The yeasts: a taxonomic study, fifth edition. Vol. 2: 1279-1286. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Hoog, G.S. de, Yurlova, N.A., 1994. Conidiogenesis, nutritional, physiology and taxonomy of Aureobasidium and Hormonema. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 65, 41–54.

Ingold, C.T. 1953. Dispersal in Fungi. Oxford Univ. Press, London

Inui, T., Y. Takeda, and H. Iizuka. 1965. Taxonomical studies on genus Rhizopus. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 11, suppl.

Jarvis, W.R. 1977. Botryotinia and Botrytis species: taxonomy, physiology and pathogenicity. Agriculture Canada, Monograph No. 15.

Joly, P. 1964. Le genre Alternaria. Encyle. Mycol. 33

Jong, S.C., and E.E. Davis. 1976. Contibution to the knowledge of Stachybotrys and Memnoniella in culture. Mycotaxon 3: 409-85

Kang, J.C., K.D. Hyde, and R.Y.C. Kong. 1999. Studies on Amphisphaeriaceae: The Amphisphaeriaceae (sensu stricto). Mycol. Res. 103: 53-64.

Klich, M.A. 2002. Identification of common Aspergillus species. CBS, Utrecht.

Klich, M.A. and J.I. Pitt. 1988. A laboratory guide to the common Aspergillus species and their teleomorphs. CSIRO, North Ryde, Australia. 116 pages.

Kohlmeyer, J. and B. Volkmann-Kohlmeyer. 1991. Illustrated key to the filamentous higher marine fungi. Botanica Marina 34: 1-61.

Kulik, M.M. 1968. A compilation of descriptions of new Penicillium species. U.S. Dept. Agric. Handb. 351

Kurtzman, C.P., Fell, J.W. and Boekhout, T. (Eds). 2011. The yeasts: a taxonomic study, fifth edition. 3 Vols. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Lachance, M.-A., Boekhout, T., Scorzetti, G., Fell, J.W. and Kurtzman, C.P. 2011. Candida Berhkout (1923) in Kurtzman, C.P., Fell, J.W. and Boekhout, T. (Eds). The yeasts: a taxonomic study, fifth edition. Vol. 2: 987-1278. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Lilly, V.G. 1965. The chemical environment for fungal growth. I. Media, Media, macro- and micro-nutrients. In G.C. Ainsworth, and A.S. Sussman (eds.), the Fungi: An Advanced Treatise, vol. I. Academic Press, New York

McGinnis, M.R. 1980. Laboratory Handbook of Medical Mycology. Academic Press, New York

Marx, D.H. 1969. The influence of ectotrophic mycorrhizal fungi on the resistance of pine roots to pathogenic infections. I. Antagonism of mycorrhizal fungi to root pathogenic fungi and soil bacteria. Phytopathol. 59: 153-63

Matsushima, T. 1975. Icones Fungorum A Matsushima Lectorum. Publ. by the author, Kobe, Japan

Morquer, R., G. Viala, J. Rouch, J. Fayret, and G. Bergé. 1963. Contributiona l'étude morphogénique du genre Gliocladium. Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 79: 137-241

Morrall, R.A.A. 1968. Two new species of Oidiodendron from boreal forest soils. Can. J. Bot. 46: 203-6

Morton, F.J., and G. Smith. 1963. The Genera Scopulariopsis, Microascus and Doratomyces. Mycol. Pap. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst. 86

Nag Raj, T.R. 1993. Coelomycetous anamorphs with appendage-bearing conidia. Mycologue Publications, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Nelson, P. E., T. A. Toussoun and W. F. O. Marassas. 1983. Fusarium species, an illustrated manual for identification. Pennsylvania State University, University Park and London.

O'Donnell, K. 1979. Zygomycetes in Culture. Dept. of Botany, Univ. of Georgia

Orr, F.G., H.H. Kuehn, and O.A. Plunkett. 1963. The genus Gymnoascus Baranetzky. Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 21: 1-18

Pitt, J. 1980. The Genus Penicillium. Academic Press, New York

Pitt, J. 1985. A aboratory guide to common Penicillium species. CSIRO, North Ryde, Australia. 185 pages.

Ramirez, C. 1982. Manual and Atlas of the Penicillia. Elsevier Biomedical Press, New York.

Raper, K.B., and D.I. Fennell. 1965. The Genus Aspergillus. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore

Raper, K.B., and C. Thom. 1949. A. Manual of the Penicillia. Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore

Pfister, D.H. 1994. Orbilia fimicola, a nematophagous discomycete and its Arthrobotrys anamorph. Mycologia 86:451-453.

Pfister, D.H. 1997. Castor, Pollux and Life Histories of Fungi. Mycologia 89:1-23.

Pfister, D.H., and M.E. Liftik 1995. Two Arthrobotrys anamorphs from Orbilia auricolor. Mycologia 86:451-453.

Rebell, G., and D. Taplin. 1970. Dermatophytes: Their Recognition and Identification. Univ. Miami Press, Coral Gables

Rehner, S.A and Buckley, E. 2005. A Beauveria phylogeny inferred from nuclear ITS and EF1-{alpha} sequences: evidence for cryptic diversification and links to Cordyceps teleomorphs. Mycologia, 97(1), 2005, pp. 84-98.

Rice, A.V. and R.S. Currah. 2005. Oidiodendron: A survey of the named species and related anamorphs of Myxotrichum. Stud. Mycol. 53:83-120.

Rifai, M.A. 1969. A Revision of the Genus Trichoderma. Mycol. Pap. Commonwealth Mycol. Inst. 116

Rifai, M.A. 1975. Geniculifera nom. nov. Mycotaxon 2: 214-16

Rifai, M.A., and R.C. Cooke. 1966. Studies on some didymosporous genera of nematode-trapping hyphomycetes. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 49: 147-68

Rubner, A. 1996. Revision of predacious Hyphomycetes in the Dactylella-Monacrosporium complex. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 39.

Samson, R.A. 1974. Paecilomyces and Some Allied Hyphomycetes. C.B.S. Stud.Mycol. 6

Samson, R.A. 1979. A Compilation of the Aspergilli Described since 1965. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 18

Samson, R.A. and Frisvad, J.C. (Eds.) 2004. Penicillium subgenus Penicillium: new taxonomic schemes, mycotoxins and other extrolites. Stud. Mycol. 49. i-vi + 1-251.

Samson, R.A., Hoekstra, E.S. and Frisvad, J.C. 2004. Introduction to Food - and Airborne Fungi, Seventh Edition. CBS, Utrecht

Samson, R.A. and Houbraken, J. (Eds.). 2011. Phylogenetic and taxonomic studies on the genera Penicillium and Talaromyces. Stud. Mycol. 70, 183 pages.

Samson, R.A., A.C. Stolk, and R. Hadlok. 1976. Revision of the Subsection Fasciulata of Penicillium and Some Allied Species. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 11

Samson R.A. and J. Varga. 2007. Aspergillus systematics in the genomic era. CBS Stud. Mycol. 59.

Samson, R.A., Varga, J. and Frisvad, J.C. (Eds.) 2011. Taxonomic studies on the genus Aspergillus. Stud. Mycol. 69. 96 pages.

Samuels, G.J., Petrini, O., Kuhls, K., Lieckfeldt, E. and Kubicek, C.P. 1998. The Hypocrea schweinitzii complex and Trichoderma sect. Longibrachiatum. Stud. Mycol.: 41: 1-54.

Schipper, M.A.A. 1978. On certain species of Mucor with a key to all accepted species. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 17

Schipper, M.A.A. 1984. A revision of the genus Rhizopus. I. The Rhizopus stolonifer-group and Rhizopus oryzae. Stud. Mycol. 25:1-19.

Schipper, M.A.A., R.A. Samson, and J.A. Stalpers. 1975. Zygospore ornamentation in the genera Mucor and Zygorhynchus. Persoonia 8: 321-8

Schipper, M.A.A., and Stalpers, J.A. 1984. A revision of the genus Rhizopus. II. The Rhizopus microsporus-group. Stud. Mycol. 25:20-34.

Schneider, R. 1979. Die Gattung Pyrenochaeta De Notaris. Mitt. Biol. Bundesanst. Land-Forstw. Berlin-Dahlem 189: 1-73

Schol-Schwarz, M.B. 1959. The genus Epicoccum. Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc.42: 149-73

Schol-Schwarz, M.B. 1970. Revision of the genus Phialophora. Persoonia 6: 59-94

Scott, De B. 1968. The Genus Eupenicillium Ludwig. CSIR Res. Rep. 272(Pretoria, S. Africa)

Scott, J.A. 2001. Studies on indoor fungi. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Toronto.

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Seifert, K.A. 2000. ASP45, a synoptic key to common species of Aspergillus in Samson, R.A. and J.I. Pitt. Integration of modern taxonomic methods for Penicillium and Aspergillus. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.

Seifert, K.A. and G. Okada. 1993. Graphium anamorphs of Ophiostoma species and similar anamorphs of other ascomycetes, in Wingfield, M.J., K.A. Seifert, and J.F. Webber. Ceratocystis and Ophiostoma: taxonomy, ecology and pathogenicity. APS Press, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Seifert, K.A., G. Morgan-Jones, W. Gams and B. Kendrick. 2011. The Genera of Hyphomycetes. CBS-KNAW Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht. 997 pages.

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Shoemaker, R.A., and E.G. Kokko. 1977. Trichurus spiralis. Fungi Canadenses 100. Canada Agric., Ottawa.

Simmons, E. G. 1967. Typification of Alternaria, Stemphylium, and Ulocladium. Mycologia 59:67-92.

Simmons, E. G. 1981. Alternaria themes and variations. Mycotaxon 13:16-34.

Simmons, E. G. 1982a. Alternaria themes and variations (7-10). Mycotaxon 14:17-43.

Simmons, E. G. 1982b. Alternaria themes and variations (11-13). Mycotaxon 14:44-57.

Simmons, E. G. 1986a. Alternaria themes and variations (14-16). Mycotaxon 25:195-202.

Simmons, E. G. 1986b. Alternaria themes and variations (17-21). Mycotaxon 25:203-216.

Simmons, E. G. 1986c. Alternaria themes and variations (22-26). Mycotaxon 25:287-308.

Simmons, E. G. 1990. Alternaria themes and variations (27-53). Mycotaxon 37:79-119.

Simmons, E. G. 1993a. Alternaria themes and variations (54-62). Mycotaxon 46:171-199.

Simmons, E. G. 1993b. Alternaria themes and variations (63-72). Mycotaxon 48:91-107.

Simmons, E. G. 1993c. Alternaria themes and variations (73). Mycotaxon 48:109-140.

Simmons, E. G. 1994a. Alternaria themes and variations (74-105). Mycotaxon 50:219-270.

Simmons, E. G. 1994b. Alternaria themes and variations (106-111). Mycotaxon 50:409-427.

Simmons, E. G. 1995. Alternaria themes and variations (112-144). Mycotaxon 55:55-163.

Simmons, E. G. 1996a. Alternaria themes and variations (145-149). Mycotaxon 57:391-409.

Simmons, E. G. 1996b. Alternaria themes and variations (150). Mycotaxon 59:319-335.

Simmons, E. G. 1997. Alternaria themes and variations (151-223). Mycotaxon 65:1-91.

Simmons, E. G. 1998. Alternaria themes and variations (226-235). Mycotaxon 70:263-323.

Simmons, E. G. 1999. Alternaria themes and variations (236-243). Mycotaxon 70:325-369.

Simmons, E. G. 2000. Alternaria themes and variations (244-286). Mycotaxon 75:1-115.

Sigler, L., and J.W. Carmichael. 1976. Taxonomy of Malbranchia and some other hyphomycetes with arthroconidia. Mycotaxon 4: 349-488

Simmons, E.G. 1967. Typification of Alternaria, Stemphylium and Ulocladium. Mycologia 59: 67-92

St-Germain, G. and R. Summerbell. 1996. Identifying filamentous fungi: a clinical laboratory handbook. Star Publ. Co., Belmont, California.

Stalpers, J.A. 1974. Revision of the genus Oedocephalum (Fungi Imperfecti). Kon. ned. Akad. Wetens. Ser. C, 77: 383-401

Stevens, R.B. (ed.). 1974. Mycology Guidebook. Univ. Wash. Press, Seattle

Stolk, A.C., and R.A. Samson. 1972. The Genus Talaromyces. Studies on Talaromyces and Related Genera. II. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 2

Stolk, A.C., and R.A. Samson. 1983. The ascomycete genus Eupenicillium and related Penicillium anamorphs. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 23.

Sugita, T. 2011. Trichosporon Behrend (1890) in Kurtzman, C.P., Fell, J.W. and Boekhout, T. (Eds). The yeasts: a taxonomic study, fifth edition. Vol. 3: 2015-2062. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Suh, S. and M. Blackwell. 2006. Three new asexual arthroconidial yeasts, Geotrichum carabidarum sp. nov., Geotrichum histeridarum sp. nov. and Geotrichum cucujoidarum sp. nov., isolated from the guts of insects. Mycol. Res. 110: 220-228.

Sutton, B.C. 1973. Hyphomycetes from Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Canada. Mycol. Pap. Commonwealth Mycol. Dist. 132

Sutton, B.C. 1980. The Coelomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew.

Summerbell, R.C., Gueidan, C., Schroers, H.-J., Hoog, G.S. de, Starink, M., Rosete, Y.A., Guarro, J. and Scott, J.A. 2011. Acremonium phylogenetic overview and revision of Gliomastix, Sarocladium and Trichothecium. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 68: 139-162.

Swart, H.J. 1964. A study of the production of coremia in three species of the genus Trichurus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 30: 257-60

Takeo, K., Hoog, G.S. de, 1991. Karyology and hyphal characters as taxonomic criteria in Ascomycetous black yeasts and related fungi. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 60, 35–42.

Tang, L., M.W. Hyun, Y.H. Yun, D.Y. Suh, S.H. Kim, and G.H. Sung. 2012. New record of Mariannaea elegans var. elegans in Korea. Mycobiology 40: 14-19.

Tokumasu, S. 1973. Notes on Japanese Oidiodendron. Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 14: 246-55

Tulloch, M. 1972. The genus Myrothecium. Mycol. Pap. Commonwealth Mycol.Inst. 130

Udagawa, S.-I., Y. Horie and S.K. Abdullah. 1985. Trichurus dendrocephalus sp. nov. from Iraqi soil. Mycotaxon 23: 253-259.

Untereiner, W.A., N.A. Straus and D. Malloch. 1995. A molecular-morphotaxonomic approach to the systematics of the Herpotrichiellaceae and allied black yeasts. Mycol. Res. 99: 897-913.

Van Oorschot, C.A.N. 1980. A Revision of Chrysosporium and Allied Genera. C.B.S. Stud. Mycol. 20

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